San Ignacio de Cabórica

Fr. Kino visited the area in 1687 soon after his arrival in Dolores.

Fr. Agustín de Campos began his forty-two year tenure as resident priest in 1693. It is unclear if there was even a religious structure here in 1696 when the O’odham rebelled.

Fr. Kino mentioned that Fr. Campos escaped the rebellion with his soldier escort, although the houses, storerooms, and vestments were burned.  Curiously, there was no mention of what happened to the church building.  In 1702 Fr. Campos buried Fr. Francisco Gonzalvo, the priest stationed at San Xavier del Bac, on the gospel side in front of the altar of San Ignacio.  Ill health and questions about his mental state forced Fr. Campos’s removal from his post despite some local protests.  He died in 1737 en route to the Jesuit college in Chihuahua.

Under the Franciscans San Ignacio was made a cabecera, with Magdalena and Imuris as visitas.  The Franciscans made their own church out of the older Jesuit structure, much like what happened at Cocóspera.  The O’odham population dwindled by the end of the eighteenth century, and by 1818, for every one Indian, the local missionary ministered to three dozen Spaniards and mestizos.  Today, like nearly all the other former mission communities of the Pimería Alta, San Ignacio is mostly a non-Indian, mestizo town.

Upcoming SMRC Mission Tours

Retrace the steps of Father Kino and the missionaries who followed him. You’ll be guided by scholars and enthusiasts who know and love the region and volunteer their time to share it with others.